When high operating pressures are required, piston pumps are often used. Piston pumps will traditionally withstand higher pressures than gear pumps with comparable displacements; however, there exists a higher initial cost associated with piston pumps in addition to a lower level of resistance to contamination and increased complexity. This complexity falls to the gear designer and service specialist to understand in order to make certain the piston pump is working correctly using its extra moving parts, stricter filtration requirements and closer tolerances. Piston pumps are often used with truck-mounted cranes, but are also found within other applications such as snow and ice control where it could be desirable to vary system movement without varying engine swiftness.

A cylinder prevent containing pistons that move around in and out is housed within a piston pump. It’s the movement of these pistons that draw essential oil from the supply interface and then drive it through the outlet. The angle of the swash plate, that your slipper end of the piston rides against, determines the distance of the piston’s stroke. While the swash plate continues to be stationary, the cylinder block, encompassing the pistons, rotates with the pump’s insight shaft. The pump displacement can be then determined by the total volume of the pump’s cylinders. Fixed and variable displacement designs are both available.